Statistics on Colombia
Colombia’s total population was 40.8 million in 1998, of which 74.1% was urban. The urban population doubled from 15.4 million to 30.2 million in just 13 years.
At 20.5% the official rate of unemployment is the highest in Latin America (real rate is 25% plus). The average GDP per capita was $2,392 in 1998. But the richest 10% took 46.9% of all income.
Stockmarket values increased from $1.4 billion in 1990 to $19.5 billion in 1997.
Colombia’s external debt more than doubled from US $14.2 billion in 1985 to $33.3 billion in 1998.
Servicing the foreign debt went up from 16% of export earnings in 1980 to 34.6% in 1996.
Foreign Direct Investment leapt up from 2.5% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 1980 to 18.7% in 1996.
Between 1980 and 1996, fuel exports, principally oil, increased from 3% to 34% of total exports.
Total government expenditure was 14.5% of GDP in 1995, it was 42% in the UK that year.
In 1996 pensions in the UK constituted 10.2% of GDP. In Colombia they constituted just 0.9% of GDP.
Total social service expenditure in UK was 22.8% of GDP, in Colombia it was 6.1% of GDP.
In 1994 there were 78.6 recorded homicides per 100,000 people. The second highest recorded homicide rate in the world is Jamaica at 29.8 homicides per 100,000 people.
Colombia is the country with the most animal and bird species (2,054) in the world.